Use the same idea for subdirectories in a paper directory; for example:
Copy only important hand-typed files into backups. There should be no generated files (.ps, .pdf, etc.) or files that are not changing often such as figures. This is to keep the size of the backup from wasting disk space.
For extra-readable backups, copy files using "cp -p" which preserves the last modification time of each file.
Spend time thinking hard about how a reader/listener could possibly get confused. There are a million ways this could happen. Change your material to help a person who might get stuck in that way.
Make it easy for a reader to understand your work (they will learn, appreciate, accept your paper) rather than challenging (frustration, reject your paper)
"A sentence should contain no unnecessary words, a paragraph no unnecessary sentences, for the same reason that a drawing should have no unnecessary lines and a machine no unnecessary parts. This requires not that the writer make all his sentences short, or that he avoid all detail and treat his subjects only in outline, but that every word tell." –William Strunk
Corollary: Use a minimum number of fonts across text and figures. This includes font types, sizes, bold, italics, etc.
Corollary: Probably the best way to have your audience think highly of you after your talk is if you teach them something worthwhile that they did not already know.
To publish a technical report, follow these steps:
Always use the URL you created to link to your paper. (i.e. http://www.ece.ucdavis.edu/vcl/pubs/theses/2011-2)
The SPECpower benchmark, which includes a large number of modules, measures the power consumed by the processor.→
The benchmark...measures...power.No it does not—the benchmark does not measure anything!
It is natural to feel very nervous before the examinations. Treat them like you would a race. You wouldn't run 10 miles the day before you compete in a race, so don't do any heavy thinking or studying the night before your exam. Rather, do something you enjoy and is not very mentally taxing. However, absolutely make sure that you get a lot of rest the night before your exam. Like training for a race, the more work you put into preparing in the months and weeks before the exams, the more prepared you will be for the exams themselves. Do not cram. Practicing answering questions on a white board aloud in front of your peers is also very helpful. Be sure that you can explain every step of the problem you are solving and think about questions that could be asked during the solution process.
Start preparing for the exam as early as possible (Ideally beginning of Fall quarter).
Textbooks and class notes are the best resources for revising the materials.
Check the syllabus carefully for each domain and if your undergrad is not from UCD, please visit different class webpages to get more information about class notes, text books, home works, and exams.
Ask your lab seniors and students from other labs about type of questions being asked in the exam and their overall experience about the exam.
Practice all kinds of problems irrespective of difficulty and remember that the follow up questions in the exams may cover a broad range.
Most of the questions will be conceptual; however, signals and systems domain requires you to remember a lot of formulae related to various transforms (Laplace, Z-transform, Fourier series, Fourier transform, DFT, FFT etc.) and their properties.
The most important thing is to practice out loud on white board and let senior lab members or others ask you questions well before exam week. You may solve a problem on pen and paper very easily, but solving it quickly on white board before professors during exam is a different story.
You must attend the mock exams run by some of the senior students before actual exam, about which you will get an announcement from Kyle around first week of January.
Be interactive with the examiners while solving the problems. The examiners should get a clear idea about your thinking process while you solve the problems.
Do not be panic during the exam week and keep the spirit high until the exams get over.
MUX and Decoder design
Questions related to timing constraints (set up time, hold time, clk-q, minimum clk period etc.)
Draw state diagram for a given case and implement using Moore/Mealy machine
Serial adder design
FPGA vs. ASIC
Name the circuit (Single pole-double throw (SPDT) switch containing a coil), implement the same circuit as XOR, AND, OR.
Draw a common base transistor. Draw the AC signal model for the same CB transistor. Find out the voltage gain and output resistance.
What is a Cascode circuit and why is it used?
Find out the poles for a given circuit (ideally a cascaded connection) and the corresponding frequency response.
Some problems related to Op-Amp (logarithmic amplifier, adder).
Draw the frequency response at the output of sampler for that 5KHz signal, if the sampling frequency is 10 KHz.
How can you retrieve the original baseband signal from the sampled signal?
Draw the circuit diagram of a synchronous demodulator and state whether whole system is causal, linear, and stable?
What is the bandwidth of a WBFM (wideband FM) signal?
What is the Fourier transform of a step input?
A system consists of sampler, up sampling block, down sampling block, and a low pass filter is given. Find out the frequency response of each block in the system.
Whether both step and ramp signals are bounded input?
Integrator is BIBO stable or not? What do you mean by BIBO stability?
Is an integrator time invariant?
Calculate the steady state output of a system for a given sinusoid, how the output would change for the same system with a step input?
What do you mean by gain margin?
Can you find gain margin of a given closed loop system without applying the as usual gain margin formula? (Just follow the definition, apply RH criteria and find the value of gain, which would make the system unstable)
If R-H criteria yields that system gain parameter, K > 0, can K be infinity?
Find out the break away point on a root locus for a given open loop transfer function.
This is #1 for sure: find a way to kill all distractions for a certain number of hours per day. Real work will never get done with distractions around. Close browser, turn off phone, go to lab, go to library, etc.
Put yourself in a productive mode for a reasonable number of hours every week. When you start a job, you will need to be there from ~9am until ~6pm every day and sometimes spend some time on weekends. As a graduate student, you should be spending at least that much time (subtract time spent on youtube, surfing, texting, etc.--you can't do those things at your future job either).
Make a schedule with goals to be completed for the next month. I work far more efficiently with some deadline stress. Daydreaming and distractions are easier to ignore when I have a deadline coming.
Keep a todo list with specific tasks to be done each day. It is easy to procrastinate on something due in two weeks but easier to attack a number of 30-minute tasks I want to get done today.
Work hard play hard. Except when a huge deadline is nearing, never work Fri and Sat night for sure. Take Sunday off too. Do some fun activities during the week (e.g., Monday night football or Wed night TV). No work whatsoever during those times.
"There is no expedient to which a man will not resort to avoid the real labor of thinking," –Sir Joshua Reynolds.
Freshman/sophomore undergraduate researcher
Work is typically assigned on a daily basis
Beginning graduate student
Student asks many questions
Advisor replies with answers and references to be read
As a graduate student you should be the one investigating, learning, and *explaining to me* when I ask you questions as your *advisor* and as the chair of your committee who is supposed to verify that you are ready for the MS degree. Of course I am available to help you get unstuck from technical issues, but this needs to be the exceptional case not the normal one.